After 34 years, India finally has a New Education Policy (NEP), approved by the union cabinet. The policy aims to increase public investment from the current 4 percent to 6 percent, scrap the 10+2 structure, and introduce vocational training. However, the different responses the NEP is receiving from educationists and political parties has resulted in the generation of several myths. Through this article we aim to demystify those myths and help you understand the New Education Policy of India as clearly as possible.
1. Myth: The new policy will promote child labor
The NEP 2020 lays great focus on helping the kids be equipped with 21st-century skills. Some of them believe that the government is just trying to exploit the children in the name of internships and vocational training is just a redefined name for ‘child labor’. This cannot be far from the truth. As per the new policy, every child between grades 6 to 8 will learn at least one vocational craft like carpentry, gardening, electric work, and others. Also, all the students will have to intern with a vocational expert for 10 days. This way, they will be able to know how things work in the real world and have an appreciation for vocation professions.
2. Myth: The policy imposes the Hindi language
In the NEP’s early draft, it stated that the students in the non-Hindi speaking states who wanted to change their language could only do so if the languages including English, Hindi, and the regional language. For the Hindi-speaking states, the languages include English, Hindi, and any modern Indian language. This was followed by major protests by the DMK and AIADMK However, the revised draft addresses this concern. As per the new draft, students who want to change their languages in Grade 6 or 7 after they demonstrate proficiency in the languages at their modular Board examinations.
3. Myth: NEP would make education more expensive
The new policy also takes a step towards internationalizing education by allowing foreign universities to open their campuses in India. Only a select few of the top 100 universities will be given permission to operate in the country. However, some people think that this will make education unaffordable. The truth is that the policy states that fee limits will be imposed to avoid the commercialization of education. Also, foreign universities are not taking over the national universities. In fact, the healthy competition Indian universities will have will force them to improve their curriculum as per the global standards.
4. It promotes droping out from schools
As per the NEP 2020, there will be a four-year Bachelor’s program where the students will be able to enter and exit the course at any time.
So, if you leave the programmer after 1 year, you will get a vocational certificate; after 2 years, an advanced diploma; 3 years, a Bachelor’s degree; 4 years of Bachelor’s degree with research. All students will have a bank of credit. If they take a break for a fixed period during their third year, they can use their credits whenever they resume. Now, some believe that this will encourage more people to drop out of their degree programs. The truth is exactly the opposite. With the multi-exit initiation, even if the people drop out, they will be able to come back to finish their program.
NEP is the step in the right direction. However, its implementation will determine whether the policy is successful or not. What you can do now is know the facts and not disregard the policy on the basis of a tweet.