On International Literacy Day 2020, held on 8 September, Kerala was crowned as the most literate state in all of India. Presently, India has a literacy rate of 77.7 per cent. A report by the National Statistical Office (NSO) has once again titled Kerala to be the most literate state in the country with a cumulative score of 96.2 per cent literacy. This is not the first time that Kerala took home the highest literacy rank.
While the literacy rate in India may be at 77.7 per cent, the report states that the literacy rate in urban areas is at 87.7 per cent and the literacy rate in the rural areas is at a 73.5 per cent. Similarly, the national average male literacy is at 84.7 per cent while the national average female literacy has managed to secure 70.3 per cent.
The report ‘Household Social Consumption: Education in India as part of 75th round of National Sample Survey – from July 2017 to June 2018’ provides an in-depth analysis of literacy among all states in people above the age of 7. The survey was conducted from a sample collected from 64,519 rural households from 8,097 villages and 49,238 urban households from 6,188 blocks.
Female literacy in Kerala is 95.2 per cent which is closely following the male literacy rate in the state at 97.4 per cent. Following suit is Delhi, with a literacy rate at 88.7 per cent. The female literacy rate in Delhi is the nation’s highest, at 82.4 per cent while the male literacy rate is at 93.7 per cent. The third most literate state is Uttarakhand at 87.6 per cent, then Himachal Pradesh at 86.6 per cent, and Assam at 85.9 per cent.
Among the bad performers, the worst is Andhra Pradesh where the literacy rate is at 66.4 per cent, male at 73.4 per cent and females 69.7 per cent; followed by Rajasthan at 69.7, males at 80.8 per cent and females at 57.6 per cent; Bihar at 70.9 per cent, males at 79.7 per and females at 60.5 per cent; Telangana at 72.8 per cent; Uttar Pradesh at 73 per cent, and Madhya Pradesh at 73.7 per cent.
Additionally, the report reveals that nearly 4 per cent of rural households and 23 per cent of urban households have computers. Persons, between the age of 15 to 29, 24 per cent in rural areas and 56 per cent in urban areas can operate computers, and nearly 25 per cent in rural areas and 58 per cent in urban areas, could use the internet as per recorded in the 30 days before the survey.